The first monday of September is an annual holiday celebrated in the United States as Labour Day in honor of all working people. Americans celebrate this day as a traditional mark of end of summer.
In the year 1882 Central Labor Union of New York City sought to create a day off for the working citizens of the country. Since the 1880s Labour Day has been celebrated in the United States as a national holiday on the first monday of the month of September. In 1884,Congress established a Bureau of Labor in the Department of the Interior. In 1888,Congress gave the bureau independent status as the Department of Labor. In 1903,Congress established the new Department of Commerce and Labor and made the Department of Labor a bureau in it.In 1913,President Woodrow Wilson signed a law creating an independent Department of Labor. The office of secretary of labor became the first Cabinet-level office to be occupied by a woman when Frances Perkins was appointed to the post in 1933.
More than 100 years after the first Labor Day observance, there is still some doubt as to who first proposed the holiday for workers. Some records show that Peter J. McGuire, general secretary of the Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners and a co-founder of the American Federation of Labor, was first in suggesting a day to honor those "who from rude nature have delved and carved all the grandeur we behold." Many believe that Matthew Maguire, a machinist,founded the holiday.
At present Labour Day is regarded as a day of rest and parades. Picnics,barbecues,fireworks displays,water sports and public art events take place on this day as token of celebrations.